LASIK is becoming a more common solution to vision problems. If you are tired of your glasses or contacts, you’ve probably considered LASIK. But what exactly is it, and how does it work? LASIK eye surgeons is Laser in Situ Keratomileusis. LASIK surgeons use specialized equipment to make a small incision in your cornea, open it up, and finally change the shape of your cornea. This ultimately improves your vision by reshaping the cornea to work better with the lens and eye as a system.
When the cornea and lens are not strong enough for the size of your eyes, you are not able to focus well. The best LASIK surgeons have extensive training, making them competent in performing these procedures.
Who can perform LASIK?
Any medical doctor (MD) can legally perform LASIK. However, the best LASIK surgeons are usually ophthalmologists. Ophthalmologists are eye doctors qualified to perform LASIK.
In a few states, optometrists (or doctors of optometry, ODs) can perform LASIK after completing LASIK training. Oklahoma and Kentucky are two of those states. Ophthalmologists complete a bachelor’s degree, medical school, and a three-year ophthalmology residency.
How do surgeons learn LASIK?
Surgeons can learn LASIK gradually as members of a facility that performs it, attend a seminar training course, or take on a mentor to guide them. Some surgeons do a combination of these things to best prepare themselves. A surgeon performing LASIK needs to be certified both to execute the procedure as well as to use the laser and microkeratome. There are training courses surgeons can take to become certified in all of these, usually available from a laser manufacturer.
Sometimes, ophthalmologists will have taken a LASIK or laser course as part of their residency. LASIK training courses are often two days long, involving didactic and practical components. Candidates for the certification learn how to perform surgery first on simulated eyes and complete the course with at least one supervised successful LASIK surgery.
Screening and problem-solving in LASIK
A critical component of training for LASIK eye surgeons is learning to identify the best patients for the procedures. This involves performing calculations to determine how thick a patient’s cornea is. Once the corneal thickness is calculated, the surgeon has a better understanding of exactly how he or she will reshape the cornea. LASIK is not always a cookie-cutter reshaping procedure.
Lastly, a surgeon should learn how to handle complications during a LASIK procedure. This is also a component of LASIK training courses. The best LASIK eye surgeons have a lot of experience performing surgery and know what to do when the unexpected happens. Determine if your surgeon is qualified to perform LASIK and feel secure in your decision to improve your vision.